COPD According to the CDC
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, COPD, is a diagnosis for several conditions that cause airflow blockage and chronic breathing-related problems. COPD is a leading cause of death in the United States. It affects 16 million Americans and millions more have not been diagnosed. Tobacco smoke is a key factor in the development and progression of COPD. In addition, exposure to air pollutants, genetics, and respiratory infections can play a role.
COPD is considered an urgent health concern by the National Institute of Health. In 2017, a COPD National Action Plan was created through a collaboration between affected patients and relevant agencies.
DID YOU KNOW?
- COPD is more common in our area (Southern states along the Mississippi River)
- Although the majority of patients diagnosed with COPD currently smoke (39%) or formerly smoked (36%), 25% of them have never smoked
- According to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, of the six leading causes of death, COPD is the only one that has not seen a decline in the last several years
- Women are more likely to be diagnosed with COPD than men
- People with a rare condition called alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) are at an increased risk of COPD
For many people, worsening symptoms of COPD are often ignored.
Complications and Effects of COPD
- Difficulty breathing during physical activity, walking, and climbing
- Being unable to work and engage in social activities
- Increased confusion and memory loss
- Need for special equipment such as oxygen tanks
- Increased ER visits, hospital stays, and risk of other long-term diseases
- Depression and emotional conditions
There is no cure for COPD, but many different treatments and programs can help people who suffer with the disease.
Outpatient Cardiopulmonary Services
Inpatient Cardiopulmonary Services
- Arterial blood gas testing
- Inhalation treatments
- Oxygen therapy
- Peak flow
- Chest physiotherapy
- BiPAP and CPAP
- Smoking cessation information
- MDI (metered dose inhaler) administration and education with spacer
- COPD education